Chief Directorate Border Police (CDBP) is one of the chief directorates within the Ministry of Interior. It is a national specialized structure with protective, preventive and investigative functions. Its main purpose is to perform border control and protection of the state borders of the Republic of Bulgaria.
The total length of Bulgaria’s borders is 2 368 km. Out of them, EU external borders are 1 225 km, with 412 km sea border and 813 km land border.
The Bulgarian Border Police is a centralized unit with well defined organizational structure and three levels of governance:
The first level is the Chief Directorate Border Police HQ, responsible for the overall management and coordination of the Border Police national, regional and local units.
The second level consists of 7 /seven/ Regional Directorates Border Police, each responsible for a specific border (land borders with Serbia, FYROM, Greece, Turkey and Romania, the Black Sea border and international airports).
The third level includes 37 /thirty-seven/ local Border Police Units with 35 /thirty-five/ Border Crossing Points (BCPs) and 2 /two/ Border Police Vessels Bases located respectively on the Danube river and at the Black sea (near the city of Burgas).
In line with Schengen best practices, CDBP has set up a specialized Air Surveillance Unit. The Bulgarian Border Police plays a crucial role in safeguarding EU’s external borders. Its efforts are focused on enhancing the effectiveness of border control and prevention of illegal migration, as an indispensable part of the integrated border management.
The human and technical resources dedicated to border control are conditioned by the intensity and profile of travelers’ flow, assessment of threats and risk analysis. The Bulgarian Border Police deploys adequate infrastructure, equipment and modern technical devices in its efforts to combat illegal migration, trafficking in human beings and cross-border crime.
However, CDBP has to remain committed and react in due time if new trends occur or if there is a shifting of the route, what were the expectations of most European partners.
Currently in CDBP HQ work around 300 persons in the different areas of competences which CDBP has according to the law.